The research conducted in the Exercise Psychology Laboratory involves a combination of physical activity, aging, and health disparities. Using Social Cognitive and Social Ecological models, we attempt to study health and intervene at multiple levels of health influences.

Currently Funded Projects

BAILA: Being Active, Increasing Latinos’ Healthy Aging

National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(9/4/12-7/30/16)
This study proposes to (1) Test the impact of the revised BAILAMOS© program on lifestyle PA at 4 months and BAILAMOS© maintenance activities on lifestyle PA maintenance at 8 months; and (2) Test the impact of the revised BAILAMOS© program at 4 months, and BAILAMOS© maintenance activities at 8 months, on self-efficacy (mediators) and on health outcomes (physical function, cognitive function, and self-reported functional limitations and disability).

Latino Core of the Rush Alzheimer’s Disease Core Center

National Institutes of Health (NIH): National Institute of Aging
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI of Latino Core subcontract
(8/1/15-6/30/21)
This study proposes to (1) Recruit and enroll older Latinos without dementia who agree to annual, detailed clinical evaluations and collection of ante-mortem biologic specimens; (2) Conduct uniform structured baseline and annual follow-up evaluations, including neurological examination and neuropsychological and motor performance testing, of community-dwelling Latinos, apply uniform diagnostic criteria for incident AD, MCI, and mixed dementias as specified in the Uniform Data Set (UDS), and supplement UDS data collection with an extended battery of tests to increase compatibility with the Clinical and Religious Orders Study Cores; (3) Integrate innovative and culturally tailored educational programs into the clinical evaluation to increase awareness of the importance of brain autopsy in Latinos and facilitate a high autopsy rate with a short post-mortem interval; and harvest and preserve the brain tissue in a fashion that retains maximum flexibility to support a diverse array of studies; (4) Increase capacity to conduct externally funded studies, including studies that incorporate neuroimaging, and contemporary biochemical and molecular techniques, by contributing data to NACC and providing an environment and resources to facilitate entry of subjects, clinical data, and post-mortem tissue into research projects at Rush and the wider aging and AD research community.

LUCID: Latinos Unique scenario, Cognitive Impairment addressed via Dance

Rush University Alzheimer’s Disease Center and UIC Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(11/17/14-5/16/16)
This study proposes to (1) Determine the feasibility of implementing BAILAMOS© in older Latinos with cognitive impairment; and (2) determine the impact of BAILAMOS© in older Latinos with cognitive impairment on physical activity, cognitive function, physical function, and quality of life.

iBAILA: Investigating Brains & Activity to Improve Latino Aging

Midwest Roybal Center for Health Promotion and Translation
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(10/1/15-9/30/16)
This study proposed to 1) Test the impact of BAILAMOS© on lifestyle physical activity (PA). 2) Test the impact of BAILAMOS© on cognitive function and quality of life. 3) Test the impact of BAILAMOS© on brain network functional connectivity.

Health Brain Research Network

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(9/30/15-9/29/19)
This study proposes to (1) Collaborate with the Coordinating Center and CDC to advance a Healthy Brain research agenda; (2) Identify established resources within or available to the UIC PRC in areas relevant to public health, aging, brain health, and communications and use these resources to further the goals of the proposed Network; (3) Engage our regional partners to facilitate the dissemination of brain health programs and brain health messages, and identify new partners as needed; (4) Contribute to the development and prioritization of topics for research, intervention, and translation within the HBRN Network; (5) Enhance fellowship programs for post-doctoral fellows and clinical fellows within our HBRN site and collaborate with the HBRN Coordinating Center to further the training goals of our fellows and other fellows within the national HBRN Network.

Illinois Department of Public Health, Alzheimer’s Disease Research Fund
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(7/1/16-6/30/17)
This study proposes to 1) Assess the comparative impact of Fit & Strong! (FS) vs. Fit & Strong! Plus (FS+) at 2 and 6 months on cognitive functions including Executive Function (EF), processing speed, working memory, and attention. 2) Use mediational analysis to determine whether cardio/cerebrovascular conditions mediate the relationship between both interventions and cognition.

Enhancing Well-Being Through Exercise During Older Age

Midwest Roybal Center for Health Promotion and Translation
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(6/1/16-5/31/17)
This study proposes to 1) Determine the feasibility of adapting Fit and Strong! to include affect and mood-related content and employing this intervention among older adults with a range of depressive symptoms. 2) Begin to determine whether Fit & Strong! is efficacious as an approach for reducing depressive symptoms and improving positive affect and reducing negative affect among older adults. 3) Explore the relationship between negative/positive affect and depressive symptoms and maintenance of physical activity between groups at baseline, 9- and 18-weeks, in order to determine whether an improvement in positive affect and a reduction in positive affect is associated with an increase in physical activity.

Completed Projects

Community-Clinic Partnership to Promote Physical Activity in South Asian Women

NIH, National Institute of Diabetes And Digestive And Kidney Diseases
Dr. David X. Marquez, Co-I
(9/8/14-9/7/15)
The major goal of this project is to pilot-test healthcare-based identification of South Asian women at high risk for developing diabetes mellitus followed by delivery of a culturally-salient physical activity intervention in a community-based setting, via a 2-arm randomized design, and examine the intervention’s feasibility (recruitment, retention, and program adherence) and initially efficacy on HbA1c.

BAILA-C: Bypassing Alzheimer’s, Increasing Latinos’ Activity and Cognition/BAILE: Boosting Activity In Latino Elderly

Alzheimer’s Association New Investigator Research Grant to Promote Diversity
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(11/1/11-10/31/13)
This study proposes to (1) Test the impact of the revised BAILAMOS© program on cognitive function and quality of life at 4 months; (2) Test the impact of the revised BAILAMOS© program on lifestyle PA and physical function at 4 months; (3) Determine suggestions for changes to the BAILAMOS© program and determine older Latinos’ perceptions of the relationship between cognition/brain health and health behaviors.

Physical Activity and Health of Latinos

Alzheimer’s Association New Investigator Research Grant to Promote Diversity
Susan Aguiñaga, PI; Dr. David X. Marquez, Co-I
(1/12-8/12)
This cross-sectional study objectively measures the physical activity levels of Latino food service workers in order to better understand the impact of occupational physical activity (OPA) on leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) levels and physical and mental health of Latinos in the US.

Physical Activity Intervention for ADHD and DBD

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Dissertation Research Grant to Increase Diversity
Eduardo E. Bustamante, PI; Dr. David X. Marquez, Co-Sponsor
(8/1/11-7/31/13)
This pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to test the feasibility and impact of an after-school aerobic activity program on cognitive, behavioral, and academic functioning in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBD) living in an urban poor community.

Community Wayfinding Assessment Project

National Association of Chronic Disease Directors (NACDD)/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(3/15/12-6/28/13)
This study proposes to (1) to assess the validity of the CDC-HAN Audit Tool wayfinding items with older adults, including those with mild cognitive impairment, and to refine the tool as indicated by the results; (2) to develop a scoring protocol for the CDC-HAN Audit Tool, including the wayfinding scale, and (3) to generate new knowledge regarding community wayfinding among older adults to inform research, practice and policy.

BAILE: Boosting Activity in Latino Elderly

Midwest Roybal Center for Health Promotion and Translation
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(9/1/11-8/31/12)
This study proposed a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of the revised 4-month BAILAMOS© program in sedentary older Latinos who are overweight/obese. It proposed to (1) Test the feasibility of the revised 4-month BAILAMOS© program; and (2) Test the impact of the revised 4-month BAILAMOS© program on lifestyle PA, Cardiovascular outcomes, and cognitive function at 4 months.

Community Wayfinding Concept Development Project

University of Washington/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Dr. David X. Marquez, Consultant
(12/15/2011 – 9/29/2012)
This study proposed to expand on previous scans of the literature, initiating a systematic approach to reviewing the literature; synthesizing theory and existing research; reviewing existing wayfinding measurement assessments; developing a conceptual framework for study of community wayfinding in older adults; identifying priorities for future research; and defining implications for wayfinding relevant policy and practice.

An Exercise Intervention to Prevent Recurrent Gestational Diabetes

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Dr. Lisa Chasen-Taber, PI; Dr. David X. Marquez, Consultant
(12/1/06-11/30/11)
This study aims to develop individualized exercise programs among a sample of primarily Latina women to prevent recurrent gestational diabetes.

Development of Intervention Strategies to Reduce Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among Latina Women

NIH Research Supplement to Promote Diversity in Health-Related Research (NIDDK)
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI of Supplement (PI of Parent Grant: Lisa-Chasen Taber)
(8/1/06-8/31/07)
This study proposed to identify characteristics of sedentary as compared to active pregnant Latina women utilizing data collected as part of the parent grant; and to identify facilitators and barriers to exercise among sedentary pregnant Latina women by conducting a focus group among pregnant Latina women. For comparison purposes, we also conducted 2 additional focus groups among: 1) pregnant non-Latina white women and 2) non-pregnant Latina women, respectively.

Project WEL: Walking & Environment in older Latinos

Midwest Roybal Center for Health Promotion and Translation
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(10/1/10-8/31/11)
This study proposed to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to walking/physical activity among older Latino adults living in South Chicago and to conduct a detailed, quantitative inquiry into community-scale and street-scale factors associated with physical activity among older Latino adults living in South Chicago through the use of an environmental audit.

Physical Activity and Mental Persistence: A Test of the Theory of Learned Industriousness in the Physical Activity Domain

University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition
Eduardo E. Bustamante, PI; Dr. David X. Marquez, Co-I
(5/13/08-12/14/11)
This study tested the hypothesis that physical activity can instill industriousness through the pairing of the sensation of physical effort with reinforcers, causing the sensation of effort to take on secondary reward properties and thereby reducing effort’s aversiveness and generalizing high effort across behaviors.

Pilot Study of BAILAMOS: Balance & Activity In Latinos, Addressing Mobility in Older adultS

University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(1/01/10-12/31/10)
The study aimed to:

  1. Examine the feasibility of the BAILAMOS Latin dance intervention.
  2. Examine the impact of the BAILAMOS Latin dance intervention on cognition, lower extremity function, and quality of life in older Latino adults with mobility limitations.

Cognition and Physical Activity Community Elderly Study (CAPACES)

Rush University Medical Center Pilot Projects
Dr. JoEllen Wilbur, PI; Dr. David X. Marquez, Co-I
(10/1/08-9/30/10)
This study proposed to explore relationships between older Latinos’ physical activity and cognition and to explore gender and age differences in physical activity among older Latino men and women.

A Faith-Based Physical Activity Intervention for Hispanics

The Sunflower Foundation: Healch Care for Kansans
Dr. Melissa Bopp, PI; Dr. David X. Marquez, Consultant
(10/1/06-9/30/08)
This study aimed to promote physical activity through a faith-based intervention for Hispanics. It offered a health promotion program in a culturally specific setting to a population that may not have access to other health promotion programs.

Development of an Evidenced-Informed Mall Walking Program Resource

Center for Disease Control (CDC)
Basia Belza, PI; Dr. David X. Marquez, Consultant
(9/30/13-9/29/14)
The purpose of this project is to increase information about the health benefits of walking and the availability and accessibility to opportunities for walking using shopping malls.

ABC Study – Activity, Barriers, and Correlates of Dementia Caregivers and Non-caregivers

University of Massachusetts Faculty Research Grant
Dr. David X. Marquez, PI
(9/1/05-8/31/07)
The goal of ABC was to assess and describe the physical activity levels of dementia caregivers and the psychosocial correlates of physical activity; and to compare them to age- and gender-matched non-caregivers.